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Tag Archives: Elderly

Promoting Psychological and Health Status of the Elderly: The Underlying Mechanisms of Chin-Don Therapy


HATTA; K. Promoting Psychological and Health Status of the Elderly: The Underlying Mechanisms of Chin-Don Therapy JAS4QoL 2019, 5(1) 4 online at: https://as4qol.org/3YZPK

Categories: > Mini Reviews, > Volume 5, Announcements, Journal Articles, Volumes
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Promoting Psychological and Health Status of the Elderly: The Underlying Mechanisms of Chin-Don Therapy

Hatta; Kanji

Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)


Chin-Don (CD) performance – a kind of musical performance for common people in Japan during the Edo Period – has been proven useful for healthcare promotion and healing, and was therefore employed as CD therapy (CDT) in a series of studies. Since CDT induces favorable outcomes in three elderly subjects, we further investigated the benefits of CDT in promoting quality-of-life in the cognitively impaired elderly using objective approaches: i) measuring salivary cortisol and immunoglobulin-A; ii) self-assessment of mood, emotion, and behavior using a face-scale; (iii) monitoring blood levels of neurotransmitters such as adrenalin (AD), noradrenalin (NA), and dopamine (DP) as well as the stress-related hormone cortisol (CT) and β-endorphin (BE); and (iv) monitoring stress-related CT, as well as immunodefense system-related BE and natural killer (NK) cell activity. Our studies focus on endogenous factors closely related to humor, laughter, stress, emotion, depression, joy, movement, and other apparent physiological responses such as being more alert and aroused (such as AD, NA, CT, BE). CDT works effectively in improving mood (emotional and psychological states) for the elderly. The significant blood CT level decreases in CDT patents may have due to less stress during CDT exposure, as CT is associated with elevated stress input. We did not measure the effect of immunity by CT decrease, as the effect would be transient and short-lived. Of the local vs global categories of BE function, the latter function is more relevant with CDT in decreasing bodily stress and maintaining homeostasis (e.g. in pain management, reward effects, and behavioral stability), providing enthusiastic participation and satisfactory post-event emotions and/or behavior in the CD-induced dancing. All in all, CDT induces favorable de-stressing effects, euphoric reliefs, reduction in pain and/or physical handicaps experienced by the elderly participants. These favorable psychological and physiological responses could be explained via relevant objective monitoring of blood indexes (although more endogenous factors need to be monitored), thus advocating the useful effects of CDT.

Keywords: CDT, Chin-Don therapy, Quality of Life, QoL, elderly, psychological health of elderly.

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An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Social Seclusion and the Social Activity Needs in Husband-Wife Elderly Households


KAWAMURA, K.; TAKENAKA, Y.; TOKURA, E.; KIMURA, C.; TANABE, M.; ITO, H.; MIYAMA, T.; HORI, T.; MATSUMOTO, K. An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Social Seclusion and the Social Activity Needs in Husband-Wife Elderly Households JAS4QoL 2019, 5(1) 3 online at: https://as4qol.org/7Z5S0

Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 5, Journal Articles
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An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Social Seclusion and the Social Activity Needs in Husband-Wife Elderly Households

, , , , ,  , ,

       Kyoto Tachibana University, 34 Yamada-cho, Oyake, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8175, Japan (kawamura-k@tachibana-u.ac.jp)

Objectives: The present study investigated the factors causing social seclusion and understanding the social activities needed in husband-wife households to gain an insight in developing a program for preventing the elderly married couples from seclusion.

Methods: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed among a community of exclusively husband-wife elderly households (age: > 65 years). The questionnaire on self-efficacy scale with regard to going out among community-dwelling elderly (SEGE), rating scale for self-efficacy of physical activity in frail elderly people (physical activity SE), geriatric depression scale - short version-Japanese (GDS-S-J), and on social capital, age, gender, and long-term care level. SEGE values were categorized variables, while others were treated as individual variables by multiple regression analysis. In addition, the median SEGE values that were categorized by gender, confirmed the trends in social activity needs.

 

Results: In male elderly, ‘walking’, ‘stair-climbing’, ‘lifting a weight’ in the category of physical activity SE were high, and seclusion tendency was low in couples who had good husband-wife relationship, and seclusion tendency was high when GDS-S-J values were high. As for the female elderly, seclusion tendency was low when ‘walking’, ‘lifting a weight’, and social capital were high; the seclusion tendency was high when age, long-term care level, and GDS-S-J values were high. Additionally, the social activity needs did not exhibit differences when male and female elderly were compared separately according to median SEGE values.

Discussion: In the male elderly, it is important to prevent social seclusion from society via first mutual invitation to join social activity among the couples, and subsequently through intervention towards promoting elevated self-efficacy generated by couple-participation in physical activity. However, the female elderly can continue maintaining relationships with other community residents for their reciprocity. Thus, we found a gender difference needed to consider about seclusion prevention.

Keywords: social seclusion, elderly, husband wife households

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JAS4QoL – Volume 4(2) (March, 2018)



  • Mini Review

 

The Nexus of Identity and Language and the Teaching English in Japan

David Crespo

Language Research & Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Building, 22-8 Shimomidori-cho, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan (icqol.secretary+jasqol@gmail.com)

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  • Full Papers

 

Effects of Chin-Don Therapy on Blood Levels of Cortisol, Beta-Endorphins, and Natural Killer Cell Activity: Relationships with Emotion, Behavior and Immunodefense System of the Elderly

Kanji Hatta

Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…

 

Early to Bed, Early to Rise Maketh Life Longer and Healthier

Anthony Foo Wah

Language Research & Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Building, 22-8 Shimomidori-cho, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan (kagakueigo@imexjapan.co.jp )

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JAS4QoL – Volume 2(2) (June 2016)



  • Mini Review

 

Nerve Growth Factor and Alzheimer’s Disease

Shoei Furukawa1

1Gifu Pharmaceutical University (Professor Emeritus))

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  • Full Papers

 

Difficulty of Japanese Students in Pronunciation of Certain Words and Numerals in Scientific English: Problems Arising from the Speaker's Native Tongue and Prior Exposure (Part 2)

FOONG Foo Wah1 FUJIWARA Yumi2 SATO Erina3

1Department of English for Pharmaceutical Communication, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, 5 Nakauchi-Cho, Misasagi, Yamashina-Ku, Kyoto 607-8414, JAPAN (affw78@mb.kyoto-phy.ac.jp, 78imexfw@gmail.com) 2Department of Education, Kyoto University of Education, Kyoto, JAPAN 3Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, JAPAN

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A Study of QoL in Japanese Cedar Pollinosis Patients: Relationships between QoL and Airborne Pollen Levels

OUCHI Yuri1

1Faculty of Nursing, Takarazuka University (y-oouchi@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Short Communication

 

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Chin-Don Therapy on Emotion and Behavior of the Elderly: Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating and SF8-Assessment Scores

Kanji HATTA1

1Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…

 

Depression Treatment May Need More Than Just Medication

FOONG Foo Wah1

1Department of Pharmaceutical Science Communication, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, 5, Nakauchi-Cho, Misasagi, Yamashina-Ku, Kyoto 607-8414, JAPAN (affw78@mb.kyoto-phy.ac.jp, 78imexfw@gmail.com)

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JAS4QoL – Volume 1(1) (January, 2015)



Mini Review

A Study of the Relationship Between Everyday Life and Gardens, Based on Water Systems in Kyoto City, Japan

Hidefumi IMAE

Article first published online: February 3, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  

 

Full Papers

Useful Treatment of Severe Atopic Dermatitis with Ganoderma lucidum (reishi): A Multiple-Case study

HONJO Michio and KUWABARA Masato

Article first published online: January 31, 2015

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First-Time Oral Presentation in Pharmaceutical Science English: Questionnaire Feedback from Pharmacy Students in a Japanese University

Foong FW, WAJIMA Rikako, MATSUNO Hikari, HASEGAWA Keito and OGASAWARA Hiroyuki

Article first published online: January 31, 2015

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Effective Lecturer-Student Microphone Use in a Lecture Room: A Useful Approach for Teaching and Learning Pharmaceutical Science English

FOONG FW, Matsuno H, Ogasawara H, Noguchi A, Hasegawa K and Wajima R

Article first published online: February 3, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  

 

Effects of Chin Don performance as a therapy to promote the psychological and health status in the elderly in a community setting: A multiple-case study

Kanji HATTA

Article first published online: January 31, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  

 

Effects of Cooperative Learning on Writing Activity of English for Special Purposes in Japanese University Students

FUJIWARA Yumi and SATO Erina

Article first published online: January 31, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  

 

Effects of Several Flavonoids and Tryptanthrin from the Brazilian Herbal Medicine Cissus sicyoides on Antigen-Induced Release of Cytokines, and Their Target Molecules in Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3)

Hisashi MATSUDA, Hiroki HATA, Kaoru SUGAWARA, Fengming XU, Souichi NAKASHIMA, Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and Seikou NAKAMURA

Article first published online: February 3, 2015

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Philosophical Note

Times Change: Dr. TEZUKA Osamu and his Dr. Black Jack

ITO Ken

Article first published online: January 31, 2015

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English for Study Abroad Outer World TEZUKA; Osamu Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating picture description task reishi teaching/learning of science English Gardens Task Types Full Paper conference Kanji; HATTA Scientific English food labels Water Seiji; SHIMOSATO oral presentation Immunoglobulin-A Monitoring niwa Literary Criticism Proceedings TAKESHIM;A Shigeo written NAKASHIMA; Souichi English Teaching self-confidence NISHIOKA; Yuichiro Preparatory education prior to study abroad CRESPO; David grammar teaching JENKINS; Judge Pamela EFL Epidemiologic Study AIURA; Satoshi OUCHI: Yuri English Dative Constructions glycemic index MATSUDA; Hisashi KUWABARA; Masato Kaoru SUGAWARA IMAI; Chizu writing activity ESP Hisashi MATSUDA; Hisashi Tryptanthrin Inner World Nutritinal function MATSUNO; Hikari Erina SATO promoting and impairing factors YOSHIKAWA; Masayuki circadian rhythm Low English Proficiency FUJIWARA; Yumi Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration CHIZU; Imai Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) Antagonists elective subject Immunodefense System relevance and assessment senstitivity of tests Pharmacy Shinno-san shying away from science Cultural Properties Internet-Use Tendency ITO; Ken Kyoto Gardens Nutrient Functions Claims English for Special Purposes Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and NAKAMURA; Seikou complexity Vocabulary SF8-Assessment Scores single-product Souichi NAKASHIMA Japanese pharmacy students Science English Edwin Drood KOHNO; Kyoko Alzheimer’s Disease Furukawa; Shoei NOGUCHI; Ayako Killer Cells complementary product HATA; Hiroki Dative Alternation Dickens SATO; Noriko SUGAWARA; Kaoru NISHIKAWA; Tetsu HIRAYAMA; Etsuko metabolic indexes Triage Nurses English Salon EFL 1. FUJITA; Hiroyuki MIKAMI: Hiroshi Japanese Cultural Uniqueness XU; Fengming NAKAMURA;Seikou FOONG; Anthony FW Flavonoids accuracy NAKAMURA; Tsuyako HASAGAWA; Keito Student-Lecturer microphone use Cytokines KIMURA; Tooru Wisdom Note IMAE; Hidefumi task type Minoru; OZEKI OGASAWARA; Hiroyuki IKEGAMI; Sako Cognitively Impaired Elderly Teaching questionnaire survey elementary school students ITABE; Hiroyuki SATO; Erina the manual booklets Fengming XU Emotion and Behavior Water Systems Conferences TAKAO; Ikuko obesity Ganodrema lucidum practical science experiments Kyoto Japanese Cedar Pollinosis NAKAI; Hisao emergency departments Brazilian Herbal Medicine Nerve Growth Factor Cooperative Learning Collaborative Writing KOBAYASHI; Yasuna communicative competence MATHEWS; Cy Communication Skills Airborne Pollen Levels HIOKI; Chizuko affirrmative feedback REE Fiction type-2 diabetes medication counseling teien OSCE English program MATSUMOTO; Kenya HATTA; Kanji gastrointestinal disorders Drug Discovery Elderly Mini Review KITADE; Tatsuya Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3) smoking cessation FUJIWARA; Yumi Cissus sicyoides Clinical Treatment Pharmaceutical Science English WAJIMA; Rikako Kampo proficiency level KAMADA; Masao fluency HONJO; Michio Depression Treatment HIBINO; Kenichi the trial Bleak House NOJIMA; Keisuke Homogeneity of High Cultures and Subcultures Global Warming Writing Performance Inpatient Violence Chin-Don Therapy continuous publication metalanguage HIEJIMA; Yoshimitsu physical symptoms KOBAYASHI; Aya ISHIKAWA; Hiroyasu NISHITANI; Hironori Stress Cortisol WAKATSUKI; Toru Pronunciation KONISHI; Nami OTANI; Arika Salivary Cortisol multiple choice relevance and assessment sensitivity of tests English Arachidonic Acid Cascade Vascular Parkinsonism Beta-Endorphins Atopic Dermatiitis Quality of Life