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Tag Archives: KOBAYASHI; Aya

Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum

KOBAYASHI, Aya; KOBAYASHI, Yasuna Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/Pprb9

Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
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Department of Pharmacy Education, Showa University School of Pharmacy, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan (ayakoba408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

This study investigated the “hidden curriculum” that exists side-by-side with the formal pharmacy education in the daily life of pharmacy students. Specifically, it focuses on whether pharmacy students acquire through extracurricular activities and during daily school life while attending the pharmacy schools constitute helpful learning that assists them in becoming pharmacists who make positive contributions to society and healthcare. We have also sought to determine which specific extracurricular activities and habits, etc., served to bolster their self-awareness as pharmacists. We conducted questionnaires and interviews and investigated the characteristic “hidden curriculum” these individuals experienced as students at pharmacy schools. Information gathered from a questionnaire revealed that the number of positive responses to the question: “In regard to extracurricular activities experienced in the time you were at a pharmacy school, did what you had learned help you as a pharmacist?” was 63.3% in the former four-year (4Yr) and 71.3% in the six-year (6Yr) cohorts. Based on information compiled from individual interviews, reasons why “extracurricular activities” were helpful as pharmacists were assigned to the categories of “identity,” “professionalism,” “peer effects,” “recognition of others.” It became clear that their extracurricular activities were of great importance to their work and attitudes as pharmacists, as they grew in self-responsibility and self-awareness as pharmacy professionals. The reason for this outcome is that the daily exposure to those experiences while in pharmacy school molded them into pharmacists without them being consciously aware of it. The study results make clear that extracurricular activities during student life were helpful as pharmacists. We conclude that the “hidden curriculum” played key role in the process of building self-awareness and a sense of responsibility required for pharmacists.

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JAS4QoL – Volume 4(3) (Sept, 2018)

  • Mini Review


Nutritional Function Claims on Japanese Food Labels: “Foods for Specified Health Uses”, “Foods with Nutrient Function Claims” and the Newly Instituted “Foods with Function Claims”

FUJITA, Hiroyuki

Dept. of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioenviromental Science Kyoto Gakuen University, 1-1, Ohtani, Nanjyo, Sogabe-cho, Kameoka, Kyoto, 621-8555, Japan (h-fujita@kyotogakuen.ac.jp)

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  • Full Papers


Issues in Learning English as a Foreign Language for First-Year Japanese University Students

NAKAMURA Tsuyako1, Anthony FW FOONG 2

1 Faculty of Global Communications, Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Japan (tsuyakonakamura@gmail.com) 2 Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd.

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Medication Counseling in English for Japanese Pharmacy Students

Aya Kobayashi1*, Kinu Yazawa1, Ken-ichi Saguchi1 and Sachiko Tanaka2

Language Research & Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Building, 22-8 Shimomidori-cho, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan (ayasuna408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note


Conferences On-Cruise: A Perfect Place for Meetings

Anthony FW FOONG

Language Research & Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Building, 22-8 Shimomidori-cho, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan (78imexfw@gmail.com)

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  • Supplementary Issue


Proceedings of ICQoL2018 International Conference

For more information, see ICQoL2018 Conference Website

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JAS4QoL – Volume 3(2) (June, 2017)

  • Mini Review


The Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological / Biofunctional Effects of Ginger


Department of Pharmacognosy, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto 607-8412, Japan (matsuda@ mb.kyoto-phu.ac.jp)

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  • Full Papers


Insight into Accuracy in Japanese EFL Learners’ Writing Performance across Proficiency Levels

Yumi Fujiwara*

Kyoto University of Education, 1 Fukakusa-Fujinomori-Cho, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 612-8522 (u_fujiwara@yahoo.co.jp

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The Relationship between Internet-Use and Communication Skills of Students in a Japanese University


1*Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Akiha-ku, Niigata City, 956-8603, Japan (yasuna@nupals.ac.jp) 2Department of Pharmacy, Morioka JRC Hospital, 6-1-1 Sanbonyanagi, Morioka City, 020-8560, Japan 3 Department of Pharmaceutical Education, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan 4 4 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacotherapy, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatandai, Shinagoawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan

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Learning to Conduct Pharmacist-Client/Patient Interviews via Role-Plays


1Laboratory of ethics, Faculty of Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handa-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192, JAPAN (masumimedieigo@gmail.com) 2Sakotrans Medical, 7-8-8 Nishiokamoto, Higashinada-ku, Kobe city, Hyogo 658-0073, Japan 3Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 22, Shimomidori-Cho, Shinchiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…


Times Are A-Changin': The Attitudes of Fresh Graduates in Search of Work

FOONG Anthony FW

Department of Language Development, Imex Japan 3F Imex Japan Building, 22, Shimomidori-Cho, Shichiku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8425, JAPAN (kagakueigo@imexjapan.co.jp)

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JAS4QoL – Volume 1(4) (December, 2015)

Mini Review

Global Warming and Reduction of Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration

HIBINO Kenichi

Article first published online: December 27, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  


Full Papers

Learning English for Study Abroad


Article first published online: October 17, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  


Effects of Task Types on the Writing Performance of Japanese English-as-a-Foreign-Language Learners across Proficiency Levels in terms of Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency


Article first published online: December 27, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  


The Meaning of READING in Bleak House

IMAI Chizu

Article first published online: December 27, 2015

Full Article (PDF)  


Nurses’ perception of promoting and impairing factors in intervention for smoking cessation program in a hospital

OUCHI Yuri, MIKAMI Hiroshi

Article first published online: December 31, 2015

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Learning Science English for the First Time: Feedback from Year-1 Pharmacy Students Learning Pharmaceutical Science English at the Tertiary Level

NISHIOKA Yuichiro, SATO Erina, FOONG Foo Wah

Article first published online: December 31, 2015

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Philosophical Note There is so much for us to learn from Nature: The octopuses


Article first published online: December 27, 2015

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Volumes (in journal order)


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