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Tag Archives: Quality of Life

Recent Developments and the Incidences of Cancers in Japan: Focal Emphasis on Breast Cancer and the Use of Food Ingredients and Plant-Part Extracts for Prevention


FOONG; Anthony FW Recent Developments and the Incidences of Cancers in Japan: Focal Emphasis on Breast Cancer and the Use of Food Ingredients and Plant-Part Extracts for Prevention JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 5 online at: https://as4qol.org/zEfqQ

Categories: > Mini Reviews, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
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FOONG; Anthony FW

R&D Department, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., Kyoto, 3F Imex Japan Bldg, 22 Simomidori-cho, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan

According to recent analysis in Japan (2020), the mortality rate of males is higher than that of females: i.e. 368 (males) vs 248 (females) per 100,000 population. With regards to the affected sites, the mortality trend traces a similar pattern of males > females in the following order (with approximately 2-fold higher rate in males): oral cavity, larynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, pharynx, lung, and bladder. However, mortalities attributable to thyroid cancer appear to be higher in females. Regarding the site-related mortalities, males tend to be more susceptible to succumbing to following cancers, in decreasing order: colon/rectum, lung, stomach, colon, pancreas, and liver; while susceptibility of females traced the following pattern, in decreasing order: colon, lungs, pancreas, breasts, and stomach.

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Enhancing Subjective Wellbeing for the Elderly via Shared Territorial Bonding-Type Resident Activity: Meaningful Creation of Intergeneration Exchange Activity Derived from 10,000 Elderly of More than Age Sixty-Five


MATSUMOTO; Kenya, SOYANO; Ayako, HIRAIDE; Atsushi  Enhancing Subjective Wellbeing for the Elderly via Shared Territorial Bonding-Type Resident Activity: Meaningful Creation of Intergeneration Exchange Activity Derived from 10,000 Elderly of More than Age Sixty-Five JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 4 online at: https://as4qol.org/c6oCO

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MATSUMOTO; Kenya1*, SOYANO; Ayako1, HIRAIDE; Atsushi

1*Faculty of Nursing School of Medicine, Nara Medical University (j-okuda@naramed-u.ac.jp)
2Faculty of Nursing, Mejiro University

This paper presents the results of a preliminary study clarifying the relationship-building process involving patients admitted to Medical Treatment and Supervision Act (MTSA) ward and nurses. We conducted semi-structured interviews with two nurses who had experience working in MTSA wards to gain insight as to how they perceived patients when building relationships with them and changes in feelings toward the patients as treatment progressed. The content was analyzed with reference to the modified grounded theory approach. Results show that the nurses sought to have an understanding of patients1. The core of their actions was the belief that negative impressions can be overcome to motivate oneself. By applying their personal beliefs, the nurses deepened their understanding of patients. In the process of understanding, the nurses conducted consistent engagement with the patient while feeling that the patient’s psychological and physical aspects were improving, which was conflicting with understanding the wavering of the patient’s mental state and involvement according to that mental state and involvement that allows the patient to take proactive actions (i.e., involvement with patients). Repetitions of this process are thought to foster relationship-building between patients and nurses. Given that the relationship buildinThis study endeavored to clarify the effects on subjective wellbeing of the elderly and resident activities in municipalities. We investigated the impact of resident activities in each municipality on the subjective wellbeing of the elderly and to examine intergenerational exchange activities (IGEAs) that connected the young and elderly. Participants (male: 5000; female: 5000) of age 65 years and over residing all over the nation were subjects of the study. The study was conducted through an anonymous self-administered web survey on the internet. With subjective wellbeing expressed as the dependent variable, and various independent variables, including statistical data from municipalities, basic demographic attributes (gender, age, cohabitation family structure, place of residence, etc.), and participation in resident activities. Multiple regression analysis and structural equation modeling were employed for analysis purposes. The results showed that individual attributes such as annual income and age had a negative impact. Higher age and higher annual income were associated with reduced subjective wellbeing. In addition, all resident activities appeared to have favorable effects, indicating that engaging in any IGEA enhanced subjective wellbeing. The financial status of the municipalities where participants resided did not have a significant impact on subjective wellbeing when population density was excluded from the analysis. Furthermore, a model based on family composition and gender was established. Based on results of the present investigation, young and elderly participants involving shared territorial bonding-type resident activities yielded a meaningful mix of the young and the elderly. Through the present study - where Japan now is undergoing depopulation and cascading into a gray society - not only thinking of the unilateral tendency of the young supporting the elderly, but the coupling of increased connections between the elderly and the young nurture an aspect of fusing the weak and the strong from both age groups in IGEAs over time, and brings along activated interactive participations, where each side stand to learn and earn things ‘new’. Our study highlights the positive effects of community involvement on the wellbeing of the elderly and underscores the potential benefits of promoting IGEAs that capitalize on the distinct features of individual communities.g between forensic psychiatry patients and nurses is reported to reduce recidivism, the results of this study could be used to prevent patients from recidivating and to promote social rehabilitation. However, this is a preliminary study, so there is a need to collect more data based on the results and clarify the process of relationship-building between patients and nurses.
Keywords: forensic psychiatry patient, patient-nurse relationship, relationship-building process, Medical Treatment and Supervision Act

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A Preliminary Study of the Process of Relationship-Building Between Patients Hospitalized in Medical Treatment and Supervision Act Wards and Nurses in Japan


OKUDA; Jun, KAZAMA; Mari A Preliminary Study of the Process of Relationship-Building Between Patients Hospitalized in Medical Treatment and Supervision Act Wards and Nurses in Japan JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 3 online at: https://as4qol.org/II8NK

Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
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OKUDA; Jun1*, KAZAMA; Mari2

1*Faculty of Nursing School of Medicine, Nara Medical University (j-okuda@naramed-u.ac.jp)
2Faculty of Nursing, Mejiro University

This paper presents the results of a preliminary study clarifying the relationship-building process involving patients admitted to Medical Treatment and Supervision Act (MTSA) ward and nurses. We conducted semi-structured interviews with two nurses who had experience working in MTSA wards to gain insight as to how they perceived patients when building relationships with them and changes in feelings toward the patients as treatment progressed. The content was analyzed with reference to the modified grounded theory approach. Results show that the nurses sought to have an understanding of patients1. The core of their actions was the belief that negative impressions can be overcome to motivate oneself. By applying their personal beliefs, the nurses deepened their understanding of patients. In the process of understanding, the nurses conducted consistent engagement with the patient while feeling that the patient’s psychological and physical aspects were improving, which was conflicting with understanding the wavering of the patient’s mental state and involvement according to that mental state and involvement that allows the patient to take proactive actions (i.e., involvement with patients). Repetitions of this process are thought to foster relationship-building between patients and nurses. Given that the relationship building between forensic psychiatry patients and nurses is reported to reduce recidivism, the results of this study could be used to prevent patients from recidivating and to promote social rehabilitation. However, this is a preliminary study, so there is a need to collect more data based on the results and clarify the process of relationship-building between patients and nurses.
Keywords: forensic psychiatry patient, patient-nurse relationship, relationship-building process, Medical Treatment and Supervision Act

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A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites


SATO, Erina; FOONG, Anthony FW A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 2 online at: https://as4qol.org/tlN6K

Categories: > Volume 9, > Wisdom Notes, Journal Articles, Volumes
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SATO; Erina * , FOONG; Anthony FW

R&D for Product Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, 22 Shimomidori-cho, Shichihku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan 78imexfw@gmail.com

Many succumb to dengue, malaria, Zika, and yellow fever in tropical Asia and Africa. Dengue per se may cause hemorrhagic fever in 100-400 million people a year, although 80% of cases are mild or asymptomatic (according to World Health Organization). Of the carriers for these diseases, mosquitoes – Aedes aegypti (AA) species – is among the most rampant, common, and difficult to handle, because it is adapting, mutating, and evolving to become more resistant to the hitherto effective pyrethroid-based chemicals such as permethrin. As a result, many people have become infected with above-mentioned diseases, thereby severely lowering quality-of-life (QoL) of the affected. Recent surveys by a Japanese research team (KASAI Shinji et al.) in certain parts of Asia and Ghana have demonstrated growing region-dependent resistance to insecticides of some mosquito strains (recent 1000-fold vs previous 100-fold resistance): viz., insecticide levels that would normally kill 100% of mosquitoes in a sample will now kill ca. 7% of the insects. AA mosquitoes are the most troublesome species as these are the most common carriers for above-mentioned diseases.

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Promoting Psychological and Health Status of the Elderly: The Underlying Mechanisms of Chin-Don Therapy


HATTA; K. Promoting Psychological and Health Status of the Elderly: The Underlying Mechanisms of Chin-Don Therapy JAS4QoL 2019, 5(1) 4 online at: https://as4qol.org/3YZPK

Categories: > Mini Reviews, > Volume 5, Announcements, Journal Articles, Volumes
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Promoting Psychological and Health Status of the Elderly: The Underlying Mechanisms of Chin-Don Therapy

Hatta; Kanji

Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)


Chin-Don (CD) performance – a kind of musical performance for common people in Japan during the Edo Period – has been proven useful for healthcare promotion and healing, and was therefore employed as CD therapy (CDT) in a series of studies. Since CDT induces favorable outcomes in three elderly subjects, we further investigated the benefits of CDT in promoting quality-of-life in the cognitively impaired elderly using objective approaches: i) measuring salivary cortisol and immunoglobulin-A; ii) self-assessment of mood, emotion, and behavior using a face-scale; (iii) monitoring blood levels of neurotransmitters such as adrenalin (AD), noradrenalin (NA), and dopamine (DP) as well as the stress-related hormone cortisol (CT) and β-endorphin (BE); and (iv) monitoring stress-related CT, as well as immunodefense system-related BE and natural killer (NK) cell activity. Our studies focus on endogenous factors closely related to humor, laughter, stress, emotion, depression, joy, movement, and other apparent physiological responses such as being more alert and aroused (such as AD, NA, CT, BE). CDT works effectively in improving mood (emotional and psychological states) for the elderly. The significant blood CT level decreases in CDT patents may have due to less stress during CDT exposure, as CT is associated with elevated stress input. We did not measure the effect of immunity by CT decrease, as the effect would be transient and short-lived. Of the local vs global categories of BE function, the latter function is more relevant with CDT in decreasing bodily stress and maintaining homeostasis (e.g. in pain management, reward effects, and behavioral stability), providing enthusiastic participation and satisfactory post-event emotions and/or behavior in the CD-induced dancing. All in all, CDT induces favorable de-stressing effects, euphoric reliefs, reduction in pain and/or physical handicaps experienced by the elderly participants. These favorable psychological and physiological responses could be explained via relevant objective monitoring of blood indexes (although more endogenous factors need to be monitored), thus advocating the useful effects of CDT.

Keywords: CDT, Chin-Don therapy, Quality of Life, QoL, elderly, psychological health of elderly.

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The Diversity of Quality of Life Found at an Academic Conference Cruise in 2018


HIOKO, C. The Diversity of Quality of Life Found at an Academic Conference Cruise in 2018 JAS4QoL 2019, 5(1) 2 online at: https://as4qol.org/9TxfJ

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The Diversity of Quality of Life Found at an Academic Conference Cruise in 2018

Chizuko HIOKI

Research Institute of Traditional Asian Medicine, Kindai University School of Medicine 377-2 Ohno-Higashi, Osaka-sayama, Osaka 589-8511, JAPAN (chioki@med.kindai.ac.jp)

I recently took part in the International Conference and Cruise on Quality of Life 2018 Cruise (ICQoL-2018) (departing from and returning to Singapore). Cruise-Conferences of this sort provide a suitable venue and an entirely unique atmosphere for the exchange of information and findings among researchers. As described by Foong, while on board, participants enjoyed a variety of entertainment and interactions with other participants, while being able to maintain good health and privacy while feeling at home. In the conference, as a member of the Academic Society for Quality of Life, I gave a presentation entitled: “Kampo (traditional medicine) helps us to control our mind and body through the endocrine, nervous and immune system.”

...

It is difficult know whether the behavior of individual participants on a given moment on a cruise is a manifestation of the typical customs and values in their home country. However, if one is given the leisure and space to spend a 7-day cruise with them on the same boat at sea, and interact in and out as a group, one can come to feel less sensitive and conscious of the gap between of one’s own existence/life and that of other people. Thinking about QoL as a member of Academic Society for Quality of Life, I came to realize that cruising may be a useful way to discover the national characters of people from other countries.

...

Japan's growing aging population and a shortage of local working staff has led to necessary employment of nursing care workers from foreign countries, especially those who have grown up in Asian countries such as Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines, for elderly care.6 Caregivers are required to help care for the physically handicapped or incapable elderly in all aspects of daily life in order to maintain and improve their QoL. However, both of thesethe care-giver and the care-receiverare humans with feelings. The improvement of the QoL of not only the person who receives care, but also the person who is providing care must be considered. In short, for this human-human relationship to maintain in good balance, and for the interdependent system to be workable, an effort to acknowledge and accept each other's lifestyle and values should be exercised. A balance in Ki between the parties should be healthily circulated.

We may find that the quality of life is a degree of happiness that each person evaluates and measured individually. Happiness in life may be gained by devising a way of life derived from learning various patterns of behavior and thinking from the people surrounding us.

Furthermore, not only in the area of elderly care, if the upheaval of the society and the natural environment continues, there will be times when multilateral assistance is needed never more than now.

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JAS4QoL – Volume 2(3) (September, 2016)



  • Mini Review

 

The Pharmacist

Sako IKEGAMI

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  • Full Papers

 

A Cognitive Approach to Teaching English Dative Constructions to Japanese University Students with Low English Proficiency

Yumi FUJIWARA1

1Kyoto University of Education, 1 Fukakusa-Fujinomori-Cho, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 612-8522. (u_fujiwara@yahoo.co.jp)

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The Relationship of Clinical Treatment to Quality of Life in a Patient with Vascular Parkinsonism: A Case Report from a Pharmacist’s Perspective

Ayako NOGUCHI1*, Foo Wah FOONG

1Department of English for Pharmaceutical Science Communication, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, 5, Nakauchi-cho, Misasagi, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8414, Japan (ky09274@poppy.kyoto-phu.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…

 

Crisis, Crisis, the “Stool of Resilience”, and Adaptive Capacity at ICQoL2016

David CRESPO

Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603- 8425, JAPAN (david.crespo@yahoo.fr)

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  • Conference Proceedings

 

Proceedings from the 2016 International Conference on Quality of Life in Kyoto

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JAS4QoL – Volume 2(2) (June 2016)



  • Mini Review

 

Nerve Growth Factor and Alzheimer’s Disease

Shoei Furukawa1

1Gifu Pharmaceutical University (Professor Emeritus))

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  • Full Papers

 

Difficulty of Japanese Students in Pronunciation of Certain Words and Numerals in Scientific English: Problems Arising from the Speaker's Native Tongue and Prior Exposure (Part 2)

FOONG Foo Wah1 FUJIWARA Yumi2 SATO Erina3

1Department of English for Pharmaceutical Communication, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, 5 Nakauchi-Cho, Misasagi, Yamashina-Ku, Kyoto 607-8414, JAPAN (affw78@mb.kyoto-phy.ac.jp, 78imexfw@gmail.com) 2Department of Education, Kyoto University of Education, Kyoto, JAPAN 3Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, Shichiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, JAPAN

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A Study of QoL in Japanese Cedar Pollinosis Patients: Relationships between QoL and Airborne Pollen Levels

OUCHI Yuri1

1Faculty of Nursing, Takarazuka University (y-oouchi@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Short Communication

 

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Chin-Don Therapy on Emotion and Behavior of the Elderly: Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating and SF8-Assessment Scores

Kanji HATTA1

1Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…

 

Depression Treatment May Need More Than Just Medication

FOONG Foo Wah1

1Department of Pharmaceutical Science Communication, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, 5, Nakauchi-Cho, Misasagi, Yamashina-Ku, Kyoto 607-8414, JAPAN (affw78@mb.kyoto-phy.ac.jp, 78imexfw@gmail.com)

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