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Tag Archives: KOBAYASHI; Yasuna

Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum

Citation: KOBAYASHI, Aya; KOBAYASHI, Yasuna Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/Pprb9
Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
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Department of Pharmacy Education, Showa University School of Pharmacy, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan (ayakoba408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

This study investigated the “hidden curriculum” that exists side-by-side with the formal pharmacy education in the daily life of pharmacy students. Specifically, it focuses on whether pharmacy students acquire through extracurricular activities and during daily school life while attending the pharmacy schools constitute helpful learning that assists them in becoming pharmacists who make positive contributions to society and healthcare. We have also sought to determine which specific extracurricular activities and habits, etc., served to bolster their self-awareness as pharmacists. We conducted questionnaires and interviews and investigated the characteristic “hidden curriculum” these individuals experienced as students at pharmacy schools. Information gathered from a questionnaire revealed that the number of positive responses to the question: “In regard to extracurricular activities experienced in the time you were at a pharmacy school, did what you had learned help you as a pharmacist?” was 63.3% in the former four-year (4Yr) and 71.3% in the six-year (6Yr) cohorts. Based on information compiled from individual interviews, reasons why “extracurricular activities” were helpful as pharmacists were assigned to the categories of “identity,” “professionalism,” “peer effects,” “recognition of others.” It became clear that their extracurricular activities were of great importance to their work and attitudes as pharmacists, as they grew in self-responsibility and self-awareness as pharmacy professionals. The reason for this outcome is that the daily exposure to those experiences while in pharmacy school molded them into pharmacists without them being consciously aware of it. The study results make clear that extracurricular activities during student life were helpful as pharmacists. We conclude that the “hidden curriculum” played key role in the process of building self-awareness and a sense of responsibility required for pharmacists.

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JAS4QoL – Volume 3(3) (September, 2017)

  • Mini Review


Role of Community Pharmacists in Medication Management: Current and Future Prospects in Asia

Mohamed Azmi Ahmad HASSALI

Professor of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia (azmihassali@gmail.com)

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  • Full Papers


Psychological Determinants of Occupational Gender Division: A Study Focusing on Gender Stereotypes and Self-Efficacy


Department of Human Sciences, Osaka Kyoiku University, 4-698-1, Asahigaoka, Kashiwara-shi, Osaka, JAPAN (adako@cc.osaka-kyoiku.ac.jp

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Effects of Chin-Don Therapy on Variations in Blood Levels of Adrenalin, Noradrenalin, and Dopamine: Relationships with Emotion and Behavior of the Elderly


Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…


Point Mutation and Potential Biomarker of the Gene Coding for KRAS/RAS in Patients with Colorectal Carcinoma


Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Akiha-ku, Niigata City, Niigata 956-8603, Japan (yasuna@nupals.ac.jp)

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  • Conference Proceedings


Proceedings from the 2017 International Conference on Quality of Life in Penang, Malaysia

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JAS4QoL – Volume 3(2) (June, 2017)

Citation: JAS4QoL – Volume 3(2) (June, 2017) JAS4QoL 2019, 3(2) online at: https://as4qol.org/dCvc6
Categories: > Full Papers, > Mini Reviews, > Volume 3, > Wisdom Notes, Journal Articles
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  • Mini Review


The Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological / Biofunctional Effects of Ginger


Department of Pharmacognosy, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto 607-8412, Japan (matsuda@ mb.kyoto-phu.ac.jp)

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  • Full Papers


Insight into Accuracy in Japanese EFL Learners’ Writing Performance across Proficiency Levels

Yumi Fujiwara*

Kyoto University of Education, 1 Fukakusa-Fujinomori-Cho, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 612-8522 (u_fujiwara@yahoo.co.jp

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The Relationship between Internet-Use and Communication Skills of Students in a Japanese University


1*Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Akiha-ku, Niigata City, 956-8603, Japan (yasuna@nupals.ac.jp) 2Department of Pharmacy, Morioka JRC Hospital, 6-1-1 Sanbonyanagi, Morioka City, 020-8560, Japan 3 Department of Pharmaceutical Education, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan 4 4 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacotherapy, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatandai, Shinagoawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan

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Learning to Conduct Pharmacist-Client/Patient Interviews via Role-Plays


1Laboratory of ethics, Faculty of Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handa-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192, JAPAN (masumimedieigo@gmail.com) 2Sakotrans Medical, 7-8-8 Nishiokamoto, Higashinada-ku, Kobe city, Hyogo 658-0073, Japan 3Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 22, Shimomidori-Cho, Shinchiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…


Times Are A-Changin': The Attitudes of Fresh Graduates in Search of Work

FOONG Anthony FW

Department of Language Development, Imex Japan 3F Imex Japan Building, 22, Shimomidori-Cho, Shichiku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8425, JAPAN (kagakueigo@imexjapan.co.jp)

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