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Tag Archives: KOBAYASHI; Yasuna

Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum


KOBAYASHI, Aya; KOBAYASHI, Yasuna Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/Pprb9

Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
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KOBAYASHI; Aya, KOBAYASHI; Yasuna

 

Department of Pharmacy Education, Showa University School of Pharmacy, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan (ayakoba408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

This study investigated the “hidden curriculum” that exists side-by-side with the formal pharmacy education in the daily life of pharmacy students. Specifically, it focuses on whether pharmacy students acquire through extracurricular activities and during daily school life while attending the pharmacy schools constitute helpful learning that assists them in becoming pharmacists who make positive contributions to society and healthcare. We have also sought to determine which specific extracurricular activities and habits, etc., served to bolster their self-awareness as pharmacists. We conducted questionnaires and interviews and investigated the characteristic “hidden curriculum” these individuals experienced as students at pharmacy schools. Information gathered from a questionnaire revealed that the number of positive responses to the question: “In regard to extracurricular activities experienced in the time you were at a pharmacy school, did what you had learned help you as a pharmacist?” was 63.3% in the former four-year (4Yr) and 71.3% in the six-year (6Yr) cohorts. Based on information compiled from individual interviews, reasons why “extracurricular activities” were helpful as pharmacists were assigned to the categories of “identity,” “professionalism,” “peer effects,” “recognition of others.” It became clear that their extracurricular activities were of great importance to their work and attitudes as pharmacists, as they grew in self-responsibility and self-awareness as pharmacy professionals. The reason for this outcome is that the daily exposure to those experiences while in pharmacy school molded them into pharmacists without them being consciously aware of it. The study results make clear that extracurricular activities during student life were helpful as pharmacists. We conclude that the “hidden curriculum” played key role in the process of building self-awareness and a sense of responsibility required for pharmacists.

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JAS4QoL – Volume 3(3) (September, 2017)



  • Mini Review


 

Role of Community Pharmacists in Medication Management: Current and Future Prospects in Asia

Mohamed Azmi Ahmad HASSALI

Professor of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia (azmihassali@gmail.com)

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  • Full Papers


 

Psychological Determinants of Occupational Gender Division: A Study Focusing on Gender Stereotypes and Self-Efficacy

Tomoko ADACHI

Department of Human Sciences, Osaka Kyoiku University, 4-698-1, Asahigaoka, Kashiwara-shi, Osaka, JAPAN (adako@cc.osaka-kyoiku.ac.jp

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Effects of Chin-Don Therapy on Variations in Blood Levels of Adrenalin, Noradrenalin, and Dopamine: Relationships with Emotion and Behavior of the Elderly

Kanji HATTA

Department of Psychiatric Medicine, School of Nursing, Takarazuka University, Osaka, Japan (k-hatta@takara-univ.ac.jp)

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…


 

Point Mutation and Potential Biomarker of the Gene Coding for KRAS/RAS in Patients with Colorectal Carcinoma

Yasuna KOBAYASHI

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Akiha-ku, Niigata City, Niigata 956-8603, Japan (yasuna@nupals.ac.jp)

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  • Conference Proceedings

 

Proceedings from the 2017 International Conference on Quality of Life in Penang, Malaysia

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JAS4QoL – Volume 3(2) (June, 2017)



  • Mini Review

 

The Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological / Biofunctional Effects of Ginger
 

Hisashi MATSUDA*, Seikou NAKAMURA, Masayuki YOSHIKAWA

Department of Pharmacognosy, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto 607-8412, Japan (matsuda@ mb.kyoto-phu.ac.jp)

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  • Full Papers

 

Insight into Accuracy in Japanese EFL Learners’ Writing Performance across Proficiency Levels

Yumi Fujiwara*

Kyoto University of Education, 1 Fukakusa-Fujinomori-Cho, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 612-8522 (u_fujiwara@yahoo.co.jp

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The Relationship between Internet-Use and Communication Skills of Students in a Japanese University

Yasuna KOBAYASHI1*, Keiko SUGIHARA-TSUKAMOTO2, Aya KOBAYASHI3, Noriko KOHYAMA4, Toshinori YAMAMOTO4

1*Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences, 265-1 Higashijima, Akiha-ku, Niigata City, 956-8603, Japan (yasuna@nupals.ac.jp) 2Department of Pharmacy, Morioka JRC Hospital, 6-1-1 Sanbonyanagi, Morioka City, 020-8560, Japan 3 Department of Pharmaceutical Education, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan 4 4 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacotherapy, School of Pharmacy, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatandai, Shinagoawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan

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Learning to Conduct Pharmacist-Client/Patient Interviews via Role-Plays

Masumi NISHIMURA1*, Sako IKEGAMI2, Foo Wah FOONG3

1Laboratory of ethics, Faculty of Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handa-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-3192, JAPAN (masumimedieigo@gmail.com) 2Sakotrans Medical, 7-8-8 Nishiokamoto, Higashinada-ku, Kobe city, Hyogo 658-0073, Japan 3Department of Language Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 22, Shimomidori-Cho, Shinchiku, Kita-Ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan

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  • Wisdom (Philosophical) Note … As I was passing…

 

Times Are A-Changin': The Attitudes of Fresh Graduates in Search of Work

FOONG Anthony FW

Department of Language Development, Imex Japan 3F Imex Japan Building, 22, Shimomidori-Cho, Shichiku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8425, JAPAN (kagakueigo@imexjapan.co.jp)

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smoking cessation KOBAYASHI; Yasuna teien Conferences TAKESHIM;A Shigeo Cooperative Learning elementary school students OGASAWARA; Hiroyuki Scientific English Japanese Cedar Pollinosis the trial REE Inpatient Violence Drug Discovery HATTA; Kanji ISHIKAWA; Hiroyasu NISHIOKA; Yuichiro HATA; Hiroki FUJIWARA; Yumi Water Systems Stress Cortisol elective subject WAJIMA; Rikako questionnaire survey NAKAMURA;Seikou NAKAMURA; Tsuyako relevance and assessment senstitivity of tests Kampo English Student-Lecturer microphone use accuracy Global Warming NOJIMA; Keisuke TAKAO; Ikuko Vocabulary Nutrient Functions Claims NAKAI; Hisao task type IMAE; Hidefumi Preparatory education prior to study abroad KUWABARA; Masato writing activity NISHIKAWA; Tetsu Arachidonic Acid Cascade Dative Alternation SF8-Assessment Scores Pronunciation Edwin Drood Full Paper English for Special Purposes CRESPO; David Kaoru SUGAWARA IKEGAMI; Sako Souichi NAKASHIMA KOBAYASHI; Aya Kyoto Collaborative Writing shying away from science OTANI; Arika Mini Review food labels Brazilian Herbal Medicine Low English Proficiency FUJIWARA; Yumi MATHEWS; Cy Gardens SATO; Noriko Seiji; SHIMOSATO FUJITA; Hiroyuki Triage Nurses relevance and assessment sensitivity of tests Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and Pharmaceutical Science English Literary Criticism Science English Communication Skills physical symptoms NISHITANI; Hironori Cognitively Impaired Elderly Kyoto Gardens NAKAMURA; Seikou HIRAYAMA; Etsuko WAKATSUKI; Toru OSCE English program practical science experiments Airborne Pollen Levels Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3) Task Types proficiency level KOHNO; Kyoko Cultural Properties EFL 1. YOSHIKAWA; Masayuki English Salon circadian rhythm written HIBINO; Kenichi Inner World HASAGAWA; Keito IMAI; Chizu conference KAMADA; Masao Atopic Dermatiitis medication counseling MIKAMI: Hiroshi English Teaching complementary product Pharmacy CHIZU; Imai Beta-Endorphins fluency Kanji; HATTA reishi communicative competence Writing Performance ITABE; Hiroyuki ESP Quality of Life NOGUCHI; Ayako oral presentation Clinical Treatment obesity Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) Antagonists MATSUMOTO; Kenya Emotion and Behavior Dickens Vascular Parkinsonism Immunoglobulin-A Monitoring JENKINS; Judge Pamela Wisdom Note FOONG; Anthony FW KIMURA; Tooru MATSUDA; Hisashi Chin-Don Therapy SUGAWARA; Kaoru Japanese pharmacy students KONISHI; Nami Erina SATO HIEJIMA; Yoshimitsu grammar teaching the manual booklets teaching/learning of science English Minoru; OZEKI niwa Homogeneity of High Cultures and Subcultures Flavonoids TEZUKA; Osamu NAKASHIMA; Souichi Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration Fengming XU Depression Treatment EFL Water self-confidence picture description task KITADE; Tatsuya Salivary Cortisol metabolic indexes Elderly SATO; Erina English Dative Constructions Internet-Use Tendency HONJO; Michio Outer World HIOKI; Chizuko type-2 diabetes gastrointestinal disorders Nerve Growth Factor Japanese Cultural Uniqueness Bleak House complexity OUCHI: Yuri Cissus sicyoides Immunodefense System Proceedings ITO; Ken Nutritinal function Killer Cells affirrmative feedback promoting and impairing factors English for Study Abroad Teaching Fiction Cytokines emergency departments Hisashi MATSUDA; Hisashi Shinno-san AIURA; Satoshi MATSUNO; Hikari Alzheimer’s Disease Furukawa; Shoei continuous publication Epidemiologic Study glycemic index metalanguage single-product Tryptanthrin multiple choice Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating XU; Fengming Ganodrema lucidum