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Tag Archives: ISHII; Erina

It is Not Easy to Find a Clean and Functional Public Toilet in Many Countries: Lessons to Learn from Japan

SATO, N.; ISHII, E. It is Not Easy to Find a Clean and Functional Public Toilet in Many Countries: Lessons to Learn from Japan JAS4QoL 2022, 8(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/xAJT1

Categories: > Volume 8, > Wisdom Notes, Journal Articles, Volumes
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SATO; NorikoISHII; Erina  

Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, 22 Shimomidori-cho, Shichiku, KitaKu, Kyoto 603-8425, JAPAN

Traveling in Europe, the United States, and most countries in Asia, it is always a painful and embarrassing moment when nature calls. For people living in Japan especially, the situation maybe unbearable when a language barrier arises as well. All these come back to the one and one only question:  Why are public toilets or washrooms not readily available outside Japan? The answer to this question goes back to the 19th century when a well-meaning reformer, Augustus Gardner spoke out in 1862: “Any man, and far more, any woman may walk from one end of this city to the other, in the most dire torture, without finding the relief to the necessities of the body, without such indecent exposure of the person as would render the individual liable to arrest and fine by the civic authorities.” 

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NISHITANI; Hironori gastrointestinal disorders FOONG; Anthony FW CHIZU; Imai Emotion and Behavior Killer Cells Chin-Don Therapy Low English Proficiency FUJIWARA; Yumi Salivary Cortisol reishi Kaoru SUGAWARA Japanese Cultural Uniqueness Cultural Properties continuous publication Full Paper metabolic indexes NOGUCHI; Ayako HIBINO; Kenichi MATHEWS; Cy accuracy Atopic Dermatiitis type-2 diabetes HIRAYAMA; Etsuko Homogeneity of High Cultures and Subcultures MATSUMOTO; Kenya elementary school students Internet-Use Tendency Arachidonic Acid Cascade Stress relevance and assessment senstitivity of tests Flavonoids Outer World Kyoto Gardens SATO; Erina OTANI; Arika Edwin Drood Kampo MATSUDA; Hisashi English Teaching Ganodrema lucidum niwa IMAI; Chizu Immunoglobulin-A Monitoring SUGAWARA; Kaoru relevance and assessment sensitivity of tests Literary Criticism Elderly fluency shying away from science Nerve Growth Factor English Salon Cytokines Cissus sicyoides Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating Preparatory education prior to study abroad Pharmaceutical Science English smoking cessation the manual booklets task type Teaching Nutritinal function Collaborative Writing Tryptanthrin Shinno-san Wisdom Note Seiji; SHIMOSATO Fengming XU KOBAYASHI; Yasuna NAKAMURA;Seikou single-product Dickens grammar teaching KUWABARA; Masato NAKASHIMA; Souichi questionnaire survey CRESPO; David NOJIMA; Keisuke Epidemiologic Study Souichi NAKASHIMA Immunodefense System Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) Antagonists OSCE English program Cortisol writing activity Water Systems English Scientific English Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration IKEGAMI; Sako Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3) HONJO; Michio YOSHIKAWA; Masayuki Nutrient Functions Claims written Japanese Cedar Pollinosis communicative competence HATTA; Kanji metalanguage glycemic index ITO; Ken Airborne Pollen Levels Pronunciation emergency departments OGASAWARA; Hiroyuki KOBAYASHI; Aya medication counseling AIURA; Satoshi Vocabulary Hisashi MATSUDA; Hisashi Task Types Student-Lecturer microphone use EFL 1. Clinical Treatment FUJITA; Hiroyuki Kyoto Writing Performance teien Mini Review affirrmative feedback HATA; Hiroki HIOKI; Chizuko food labels FUJIWARA; Yumi KOHNO; Kyoko NAKAMURA; Tsuyako KITADE; Tatsuya complexity XU; Fengming the trial Erina SATO picture description task Communication Skills TEZUKA; Osamu MIKAMI: Hiroshi self-confidence TAKESHIM;A Shigeo Water Brazilian Herbal Medicine WAKATSUKI; Toru JENKINS; Judge Pamela oral presentation promoting and impairing factors HIEJIMA; Yoshimitsu conference Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and Science English Inpatient Violence Alzheimer’s Disease Furukawa; Shoei proficiency level Global Warming REE English for Study Abroad Gardens Vascular Parkinsonism WAJIMA; Rikako MATSUNO; Hikari English Dative Constructions KONISHI; Nami Conferences EFL HASAGAWA; Keito ESP Minoru; OZEKI Beta-Endorphins physical symptoms IMAE; Hidefumi obesity Cognitively Impaired Elderly elective subject Dative Alternation Pharmacy SF8-Assessment Scores ISHIKAWA; Hiroyasu Japanese pharmacy students ITABE; Hiroyuki Quality of Life NAKAI; Hisao Fiction SATO; Noriko Cooperative Learning English for Special Purposes Bleak House multiple choice NISHIOKA; Yuichiro Depression Treatment OUCHI: Yuri NAKAMURA; Seikou Proceedings TAKAO; Ikuko complementary product Kanji; HATTA NISHIKAWA; Tetsu practical science experiments Triage Nurses KIMURA; Tooru teaching/learning of science English KAMADA; Masao circadian rhythm Drug Discovery Inner World