Home » Volumes » > Volume 9

More results...

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Filter by Categories
> Case Reports
> Conference Information
> Full Papers
> Mini Reviews
> Short Communications
> Upcoming Events
> Volume 1
> Volume 2
> Volume 3
> Volume 4
> Volume 5
> Volume 6
> Volume 7
> Volume 8
> Volume 9
> Wisdom Notes
JAS4QOL Issue Main Page
Journal Articles

Category Archives: > Volume 9

A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites

Citation: SATO, Erina; FOONG, Anthony FW A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 2 online at: https://as4qol.org/tlN6K
Categories: > Volume 9, > Wisdom Notes, Journal Articles, Volumes
Tags: , , , , , , ,

SATO; Erina * , FOONG; Anthony FW

A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites

R&D for Product Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, 22 Shimomidori-cho, Shichihku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan 78imexfw@gmail.com

Many succumb to dengue, malaria, Zika, and yellow fever in tropical Asia and Africa. Dengue per se may cause hemorrhagic fever in 100-400 million people a year, although 80% of cases are mild or asymptomatic (according to World Health Organization). Of the carriers for these diseases, mosquitoes – Aedes aegypti (AA) species – is among the most rampant, common, and difficult to handle, because it is adapting, mutating, and evolving to become more resistant to the hitherto effective pyrethroid-based chemicals such as permethrin. As a result, many people have become infected with above-mentioned diseases, thereby severely lowering quality-of-life (QoL) of the affected. Recent surveys by a Japanese research team (KASAI Shinji et al.) in certain parts of Asia and Ghana have demonstrated growing region-dependent resistance to insecticides of some mosquito strains (recent 1000-fold vs previous 100-fold resistance): viz., insecticide levels that would normally kill 100% of mosquitoes in a sample will now kill ca. 7% of the insects. AA mosquitoes are the most troublesome species as these are the most common carriers for above-mentioned diseases.

View | Download

Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum

Citation: KOBAYASHI, Aya; KOBAYASHI, Yasuna Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/Pprb9
Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
Tags: , , , , , , ,



Department of Pharmacy Education, Showa University School of Pharmacy, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan (ayakoba408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

This study investigated the “hidden curriculum” that exists side-by-side with the formal pharmacy education in the daily life of pharmacy students. Specifically, it focuses on whether pharmacy students acquire through extracurricular activities and during daily school life while attending the pharmacy schools constitute helpful learning that assists them in becoming pharmacists who make positive contributions to society and healthcare. We have also sought to determine which specific extracurricular activities and habits, etc., served to bolster their self-awareness as pharmacists. We conducted questionnaires and interviews and investigated the characteristic “hidden curriculum” these individuals experienced as students at pharmacy schools. Information gathered from a questionnaire revealed that the number of positive responses to the question: “In regard to extracurricular activities experienced in the time you were at a pharmacy school, did what you had learned help you as a pharmacist?” was 63.3% in the former four-year (4Yr) and 71.3% in the six-year (6Yr) cohorts. Based on information compiled from individual interviews, reasons why “extracurricular activities” were helpful as pharmacists were assigned to the categories of “identity,” “professionalism,” “peer effects,” “recognition of others.” It became clear that their extracurricular activities were of great importance to their work and attitudes as pharmacists, as they grew in self-responsibility and self-awareness as pharmacy professionals. The reason for this outcome is that the daily exposure to those experiences while in pharmacy school molded them into pharmacists without them being consciously aware of it. The study results make clear that extracurricular activities during student life were helpful as pharmacists. We conclude that the “hidden curriculum” played key role in the process of building self-awareness and a sense of responsibility required for pharmacists.

View | Download


Volumes (in journal order)


Categorized Tag Cloud

NISHIKAWA; Tetsu glycemic index Seiji; SHIMOSATO Shinno-san NOGUCHI; Ayako Inpatient Violence relevance and assessment sensitivity of tests FUJIWARA; Yumi shying away from science IMAE; Hidefumi Killer Cells Science English Outer World emergency departments Cissus sicyoides single-product Kyoto complementary product Emotion and Behavior KOBAYASHI; Yasuna JENKINS; Judge Pamela Pharmacy NAKASHIMA; Souichi smoking cessation Arachidonic Acid Cascade HIRAYAMA; Etsuko accuracy HIOKI; Chizuko Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3) FUJITA; Hiroyuki metabolic indexes HATTA; Kanji Pharmaceutical Science English reishi CHIZU; Imai Japanese Cedar Pollinosis Epidemiologic Study Pronunciation Flavonoids MATSUNO; Hikari Atopic Dermatiitis ESP communicative competence relevance and assessment senstitivity of tests Kyoto Gardens Cultural Properties Elderly ISHIKAWA; Hiroyasu writing activity AIURA; Satoshi SUGAWARA; Kaoru the trial Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) Antagonists NAKAMURA; Tsuyako grammar teaching Inner World Literary Criticism Triage Nurses Kanji; HATTA oral presentation Vocabulary EFL English Dative Constructions Communication Skills HATA; Hiroki Cooperative Learning Japanese pharmacy students KUWABARA; Masato SATO; Erina Scientific English Conferences Nutrient Functions Claims NOJIMA; Keisuke SATO; Noriko elective subject promoting and impairing factors Water Systems Depression Treatment Kampo Cytokines KOHNO; Kyoko Quality of Life NISHITANI; Hironori Gardens Internet-Use Tendency Homogeneity of High Cultures and Subcultures Immunodefense System questionnaire survey gastrointestinal disorders Fiction Brazilian Herbal Medicine XU; Fengming NAKAI; Hisao NAKAMURA;Seikou metalanguage OTANI; Arika practical science experiments written Souichi NAKASHIMA WAJIMA; Rikako Global Warming Nutritinal function MATSUDA; Hisashi Teaching NISHIOKA; Yuichiro IKEGAMI; Sako Bleak House WAKATSUKI; Toru HIEJIMA; Yoshimitsu teaching/learning of science English OGASAWARA; Hiroyuki Hisashi MATSUDA; Hisashi elementary school students affirrmative feedback OSCE English program Clinical Treatment the manual booklets HASAGAWA; Keito Tryptanthrin Dickens picture description task fluency medication counseling Collaborative Writing MATSUMOTO; Kenya Drug Discovery Water KITADE; Tatsuya Chin-Don Therapy type-2 diabetes CRESPO; David ITABE; Hiroyuki physical symptoms MIKAMI: Hiroshi KAMADA; Masao SF8-Assessment Scores REE English for Special Purposes HIBINO; Kenichi Alzheimer’s Disease Furukawa; Shoei Nerve Growth Factor English for Study Abroad EFL 1. Task Types self-confidence KIMURA; Tooru KONISHI; Nami TAKESHIM;A Shigeo multiple choice complexity Cognitively Impaired Elderly Student-Lecturer microphone use Preparatory education prior to study abroad niwa Fengming XU task type TAKAO; Ikuko Low English Proficiency FUJIWARA; Yumi HONJO; Michio circadian rhythm Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating Mini Review Vascular Parkinsonism Japanese Cultural Uniqueness Full Paper Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration TEZUKA; Osamu Edwin Drood Erina SATO Airborne Pollen Levels Cortisol food labels Proceedings obesity IMAI; Chizu Kaoru SUGAWARA Immunoglobulin-A Monitoring MATHEWS; Cy teien English Teaching Writing Performance NAKAMURA; Seikou Beta-Endorphins continuous publication Minoru; OZEKI FOONG; Anthony FW Wisdom Note YOSHIKAWA; Masayuki OUCHI: Yuri KOBAYASHI; Aya Ganodrema lucidum proficiency level English conference Stress Dative Alternation Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and ITO; Ken Salivary Cortisol English Salon