Home » Posts tagged 'pharmacy education'

More results...

Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Filter by Categories
> Case Reports
> Conference Information
> Full Papers
> Mini Reviews
> Short Communications
> Upcoming Events
> Volume 1
> Volume 2
> Volume 3
> Volume 4
> Volume 5
> Volume 6
> Volume 7
> Volume 8
> Volume 9
> Wisdom Notes
JAS4QOL Issue Main Page
Journal Articles

Tag Archives: pharmacy education

Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum

KOBAYASHI, Aya; KOBAYASHI, Yasuna Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/Pprb9

Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
Tags: , , , , , , ,



Department of Pharmacy Education, Showa University School of Pharmacy, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan (ayakoba408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

This study investigated the “hidden curriculum” that exists side-by-side with the formal pharmacy education in the daily life of pharmacy students. Specifically, it focuses on whether pharmacy students acquire through extracurricular activities and during daily school life while attending the pharmacy schools constitute helpful learning that assists them in becoming pharmacists who make positive contributions to society and healthcare. We have also sought to determine which specific extracurricular activities and habits, etc., served to bolster their self-awareness as pharmacists. We conducted questionnaires and interviews and investigated the characteristic “hidden curriculum” these individuals experienced as students at pharmacy schools. Information gathered from a questionnaire revealed that the number of positive responses to the question: “In regard to extracurricular activities experienced in the time you were at a pharmacy school, did what you had learned help you as a pharmacist?” was 63.3% in the former four-year (4Yr) and 71.3% in the six-year (6Yr) cohorts. Based on information compiled from individual interviews, reasons why “extracurricular activities” were helpful as pharmacists were assigned to the categories of “identity,” “professionalism,” “peer effects,” “recognition of others.” It became clear that their extracurricular activities were of great importance to their work and attitudes as pharmacists, as they grew in self-responsibility and self-awareness as pharmacy professionals. The reason for this outcome is that the daily exposure to those experiences while in pharmacy school molded them into pharmacists without them being consciously aware of it. The study results make clear that extracurricular activities during student life were helpful as pharmacists. We conclude that the “hidden curriculum” played key role in the process of building self-awareness and a sense of responsibility required for pharmacists.

View | Download


Volumes (in journal order)


Categorized Tag Cloud

task type Hisashi MATSUDA; Hisashi continuous publication Quality of Life accuracy the manual booklets KOBAYASHI; Yasuna food labels Flavonoids NAKAMURA;Seikou Atopic Dermatiitis glycemic index obesity Cortisol SF8-Assessment Scores Kyoto Gardens OTANI; Arika type-2 diabetes Immunodefense System Kaoru SUGAWARA HIBINO; Kenichi Teaching English Dative Constructions reishi communicative competence writing activity NAKAMURA; Seikou MATSUNO; Hikari Nutritinal function Cognitively Impaired Elderly TAKAO; Ikuko Science English KOBAYASHI; Aya Epidemiologic Study Kyoto IMAI; Chizu Immunoglobulin-A Monitoring OGASAWARA; Hiroyuki Clinical Treatment proficiency level Japanese pharmacy students CHIZU; Imai Pharmaceutical Science English conference Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating TAKESHIM;A Shigeo shying away from science Cultural Properties NOGUCHI; Ayako Emotion and Behavior complementary product Cissus sicyoides Wisdom Note English for Special Purposes MIKAMI: Hiroshi REE Scientific English HATTA; Kanji Cooperative Learning MATSUDA; Hisashi Edwin Drood KONISHI; Nami gastrointestinal disorders Literary Criticism Vascular Parkinsonism CRESPO; David Conferences OSCE English program HONJO; Michio Japanese Cedar Pollinosis complexity Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) Antagonists Mini Review KAMADA; Masao Triage Nurses Collaborative Writing Fiction HIEJIMA; Yoshimitsu written MATHEWS; Cy Elderly Killer Cells Ganodrema lucidum Souichi NAKASHIMA Stress AIURA; Satoshi relevance and assessment senstitivity of tests practical science experiments single-product NAKASHIMA; Souichi YOSHIKAWA; Masayuki Brazilian Herbal Medicine FUJITA; Hiroyuki questionnaire survey physical symptoms Airborne Pollen Levels circadian rhythm Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration ITO; Ken Shinno-san multiple choice Full Paper Seiji; SHIMOSATO Erina SATO SATO; Noriko Task Types emergency departments Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3) NISHITANI; Hironori Global Warming relevance and assessment sensitivity of tests English Salon KUWABARA; Masato IKEGAMI; Sako fluency Vocabulary teien medication counseling Preparatory education prior to study abroad FUJIWARA; Yumi EFL 1. IMAE; Hidefumi WAJIMA; Rikako Gardens Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and HIRAYAMA; Etsuko elementary school students TEZUKA; Osamu HIOKI; Chizuko MATSUMOTO; Kenya metabolic indexes self-confidence Alzheimer’s Disease Furukawa; Shoei NAKAI; Hisao KIMURA; Tooru ITABE; Hiroyuki English picture description task Writing Performance Communication Skills Arachidonic Acid Cascade Pharmacy grammar teaching Japanese Cultural Uniqueness elective subject ISHIKAWA; Hiroyasu Cytokines HASAGAWA; Keito JENKINS; Judge Pamela oral presentation Minoru; OZEKI Salivary Cortisol NAKAMURA; Tsuyako the trial Fengming XU Dickens Kanji; HATTA teaching/learning of science English OUCHI: Yuri EFL Bleak House Homogeneity of High Cultures and Subcultures Internet-Use Tendency Proceedings NOJIMA; Keisuke smoking cessation ESP Inpatient Violence SATO; Erina Nerve Growth Factor Drug Discovery Dative Alternation SUGAWARA; Kaoru Low English Proficiency FUJIWARA; Yumi Chin-Don Therapy KITADE; Tatsuya Kampo Pronunciation Water Systems FOONG; Anthony FW WAKATSUKI; Toru NISHIKAWA; Tetsu XU; Fengming KOHNO; Kyoko Student-Lecturer microphone use Beta-Endorphins Depression Treatment Outer World Inner World niwa HATA; Hiroki promoting and impairing factors Nutrient Functions Claims English for Study Abroad Tryptanthrin affirrmative feedback Water English Teaching metalanguage NISHIOKA; Yuichiro