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Monthly Archives: April 2023

A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites


SATO, Erina; FOONG, Anthony FW A New Drug Design: Substances Excreted from The Body Serve as Deterrents Against Insect Bites JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 2 online at: https://as4qol.org/tlN6K

Categories: > Volume 9, > Wisdom Notes, Journal Articles, Volumes
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SATO; Erina * , FOONG; Anthony FW

R&D for Product Development, Imex Japan Co. Ltd., 3F Imex Japan Building, 22 Shimomidori-cho, Shichihku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8425, Japan 78imexfw@gmail.com

Many succumb to dengue, malaria, Zika, and yellow fever in tropical Asia and Africa. Dengue per se may cause hemorrhagic fever in 100-400 million people a year, although 80% of cases are mild or asymptomatic (according to World Health Organization). Of the carriers for these diseases, mosquitoes – Aedes aegypti (AA) species – is among the most rampant, common, and difficult to handle, because it is adapting, mutating, and evolving to become more resistant to the hitherto effective pyrethroid-based chemicals such as permethrin. As a result, many people have become infected with above-mentioned diseases, thereby severely lowering quality-of-life (QoL) of the affected. Recent surveys by a Japanese research team (KASAI Shinji et al.) in certain parts of Asia and Ghana have demonstrated growing region-dependent resistance to insecticides of some mosquito strains (recent 1000-fold vs previous 100-fold resistance): viz., insecticide levels that would normally kill 100% of mosquitoes in a sample will now kill ca. 7% of the insects. AA mosquitoes are the most troublesome species as these are the most common carriers for above-mentioned diseases.

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Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum


KOBAYASHI, Aya; KOBAYASHI, Yasuna Hidden Curriculum in the Pharmacy Education: A Comparison of the Six-Year Curriculum With the Former Four-Year Curriculum JAS4QoL 2023, 9(1) 1 online at: https://as4qol.org/Pprb9

Categories: > Full Papers, > Volume 9, Journal Articles, Volumes
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KOBAYASHI; Aya, KOBAYASHI; Yasuna

 

Department of Pharmacy Education, Showa University School of Pharmacy, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan (ayakoba408@pharm.showa-u.ac.jp)

This study investigated the “hidden curriculum” that exists side-by-side with the formal pharmacy education in the daily life of pharmacy students. Specifically, it focuses on whether pharmacy students acquire through extracurricular activities and during daily school life while attending the pharmacy schools constitute helpful learning that assists them in becoming pharmacists who make positive contributions to society and healthcare. We have also sought to determine which specific extracurricular activities and habits, etc., served to bolster their self-awareness as pharmacists. We conducted questionnaires and interviews and investigated the characteristic “hidden curriculum” these individuals experienced as students at pharmacy schools. Information gathered from a questionnaire revealed that the number of positive responses to the question: “In regard to extracurricular activities experienced in the time you were at a pharmacy school, did what you had learned help you as a pharmacist?” was 63.3% in the former four-year (4Yr) and 71.3% in the six-year (6Yr) cohorts. Based on information compiled from individual interviews, reasons why “extracurricular activities” were helpful as pharmacists were assigned to the categories of “identity,” “professionalism,” “peer effects,” “recognition of others.” It became clear that their extracurricular activities were of great importance to their work and attitudes as pharmacists, as they grew in self-responsibility and self-awareness as pharmacy professionals. The reason for this outcome is that the daily exposure to those experiences while in pharmacy school molded them into pharmacists without them being consciously aware of it. The study results make clear that extracurricular activities during student life were helpful as pharmacists. We conclude that the “hidden curriculum” played key role in the process of building self-awareness and a sense of responsibility required for pharmacists.

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IKEGAMI; Sako OUCHI: Yuri English Task Types self-confidence OTANI; Arika Flavonoids Fiction Collaborative Writing Mini Review single-product oral presentation Outer World Nutrient Functions Claims Homogeneity of High Cultures and Subcultures Fengming XU MATHEWS; Cy Environmental Carbon Dioxide Concentration English Dative Constructions Cytokines Internet-Use Tendency Cooperative Learning Gardens MATSUMOTO; Kenya EFL Emotion and Behavior NOJIMA; Keisuke Pronunciation CHIZU; Imai HIBINO; Kenichi Triage Nurses OSCE English program TAKAO; Ikuko Japanese pharmacy students JENKINS; Judge Pamela accuracy KUWABARA; Masato ESP Water Systems English for Special Purposes proficiency level the manual booklets FUJITA; Hiroyuki relevance and assessment sensitivity of tests Killer Cells AIURA; Satoshi Depression Treatment Seiji; SHIMOSATO shying away from science circadian rhythm HASAGAWA; Keito Preparatory education prior to study abroad glycemic index Dickens Arachidonic Acid Cascade Airborne Pollen Levels Leukotriene D4 (LTD4) Antagonists MIKAMI: Hiroshi IMAE; Hidefumi complexity Inpatient Violence WAJIMA; Rikako task type practical science experiments English for Study Abroad English Teaching Salivary Cortisol Souichi NAKASHIMA SUGAWARA; Kaoru XU; Fengming Ganodrema lucidum Hisashi MATSUDA; Hisashi NOGUCHI; Ayako Pharmacy teien SATO; Erina WAKATSUKI; Toru Rat Basophilic Leukemia Cells (RBL-2H3) NISHIKAWA; Tetsu Kanji; HATTA Bleak House Vocabulary the trial relevance and assessment senstitivity of tests Wisdom Note grammar teaching NAKAMURA; Tsuyako KOBAYASHI; Aya TEZUKA; Osamu written KITADE; Tatsuya Nutritinal function Elderly FUJIWARA; Yumi Shinno-san Science English HATA; Hiroki emergency departments elective subject Japanese Cedar Pollinosis NISHITANI; Hironori metalanguage HIRAYAMA; Etsuko REE Proceedings Pharmaceutical Science English niwa Clinical Treatment picture description task HONJO; Michio Cognitively Impaired Elderly communicative competence Conferences Stress Tryptanthrin Kaoru SUGAWARA teaching/learning of science English KAMADA; Masao medication counseling elementary school students Cissus sicyoides metabolic indexes Edwin Drood Immunoglobulin-A Monitoring conference questionnaire survey Student-Lecturer microphone use ITO; Ken Cultural Properties Drug Discovery Erina SATO Facial Illustration-Based Self-Rating Dative Alternation Chin-Don Therapy Communication Skills NAKAI; Hisao Low English Proficiency FUJIWARA; Yumi NAKAMURA;Seikou OGASAWARA; Hiroyuki Epidemiologic Study type-2 diabetes obesity Nerve Growth Factor ISHIKAWA; Hiroyasu complementary product continuous publication Minoru; OZEKI Brazilian Herbal Medicine Masayuki YOSHIKAWA and KOBAYASHI; Yasuna physical symptoms SATO; Noriko YOSHIKAWA; Masayuki Water KONISHI; Nami Writing Performance Teaching Alzheimer’s Disease Furukawa; Shoei Japanese Cultural Uniqueness smoking cessation TAKESHIM;A Shigeo Quality of Life writing activity Kampo reishi affirrmative feedback Full Paper Scientific English Inner World EFL 1. SF8-Assessment Scores promoting and impairing factors Cortisol Kyoto English Salon Kyoto Gardens Literary Criticism HIOKI; Chizuko fluency Beta-Endorphins Immunodefense System NISHIOKA; Yuichiro food labels ITABE; Hiroyuki NAKAMURA; Seikou MATSUDA; Hisashi Global Warming CRESPO; David HATTA; Kanji gastrointestinal disorders Vascular Parkinsonism NAKASHIMA; Souichi KOHNO; Kyoko MATSUNO; Hikari HIEJIMA; Yoshimitsu multiple choice Atopic Dermatiitis FOONG; Anthony FW IMAI; Chizu KIMURA; Tooru